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Blood Safety

Blood Safety

Human blood is an essential element of human life and there are no substitutes. Blood transfusion services occupy a vital space in any National Health Service delivery system. The availability of safe and adequate blood saves lives. If not properly screened, however, blood becomes a conduit for transmitting viral, bacterial and protozoan in sections e.g. hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, Syphilis & Malaria. 

 

Characteristically, two categories of persons need blood transfusion : these with emergent requirements e.g. victims of road accident, civilian and military debacle and those with repeated, frequent and regular requirement e.g. patients with thalassemia, hemophilia, renal dialysis, sever anemic and cancer patients who must undergo repeated transfusions are at great risk of acquiring transfusion transmitted infections. The only way to protect recipients of blood is to put in place structures, processes and procedures that will ensure access to safe and sufficient blood supply.

 

Under NACP the state aims to reduce transmission of HIV infection through blood therefore collected blood is tested for 5 mendatory test like HIV, Hepetitise B, Hepetitise C, Syphilis and Maleria. It ensures access to safe and sufficient blood supply.

 

Blood Doner Criteria

Age

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between 18 to 60 years

Body wt.

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45 kg & above

Pulse rate

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60 to 100 per minute

BP

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Systolic 100 to 180mm of Hg

 

 

Diastolic 50 to 100mm of Hg

Hb

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Minimum 12.5 Grm per 100 ml of blood

Oral Temp

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Not exceeding 37.50C