Status of Ayurveda in the pre-caste Principles Rajasthan State


Rajasthan is a state where there has been progressive gradual expansion and reinforcement of Ayurveda and even the State Government has been the leading ground of Indian medical system conservation policy. The state's scholarly ayurvedists (ayurvedagyas) have worked with complete zeal and fairness to keep the original form of this method inherent. Guru-Disciple (Guru-Shishya Parampara) has made a significant contribution in the development of Ayurvedic medicine in the state.


    In the beginning, Ayurveda was taught with education of Sanskrit. An Ayurveda College was established in Jaipur protected by the former rulers of Jaipur State, There were also educational institutions in the former Udaipur and Alwar states, where Ayurveda was taught. Pharmacies were also established to manufacture Ayurvedic medicine in Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur. In the early 1950’s of establishment of Rajasthan, 346 Ayurvedic dispensaries were functional in various princely states.


Status of Ayurveda after the establishment of Rajasthan State


After the independence, when the state of Rajasthan was formed by the integration of the different states, the department of Ayurveda was initially placed under the Department of Medical and Health. The former Chief Minister, Shri Hiralal Shastri formed a committee for the integration of Ayurvedic institutions whose work was to suggest the development of Ayurveda and to integrate the pay scale of different ayurvedic institutions of the former states. Mr. Kaviraj Pratap Singh was made Committee Chairman. On the recommendation of this committee, the Ayurvedic Department was reorganized under the following three Independent Departments -


Director, Hospital & Dispensary


Superintendent, Ayurveda Studies


Manager, Ayurveda Pharmacy



Under the Director, Dispensary and Hospital- There were 7 supervisors in Udaipur, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Alwar, Bharatpur, Dungarpur and Bundi. There were 346 functional dispensaries at that time.


Under the superintendent, Ayurveda Studies- Ayurveda College of Jaipur and Udaipur, where the 4 years Bhishgwar Diploma and 6 years Bhishagaacharya Degree course were conducted.


Under the management, Ayurveda pharmacy- 4 Ayurvedic medicine pharmacies operated in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur and Bharatpur. In-charge officers were appointed for administration.


The three independent units headed by the different head of the departments lacked the coordination. As a result in 1953, all the three units were placed under one HOD and after ending the position of the superintendent Ayurveda Studies, the new post of Deputy Director was created by the assistance of the Director. Ayurveda Pharmacy, operated in Jaipur in 1959 was transferred to Ajmer and it was given the status of Central Pharmacy in which production of Ayurveda as well as Unani medicines started.


Two new Ayurvedic dispensaries were opened in the year 1950-51. In the first five year plan 143 new dispensaries were opened and 7 dispensaries were transferred from the settlement (jagir) department. In the second Five Year Plan period, 325 new dispensaries were opened and 5 dispensaries were transferred from Madhya Pradesh state, 16 dispensaries from Ajmer State and 319 dispensaries from various district boards to the department. 325 new dispensaries were opened during the third five year plan period and 11 dispensaries were transferred from social welfare department whereas, one dispensary was transferred from the settlement (jagir) department.


160 new hospitals and dispensaries were opened in the year 1966-67, 1967-68 and 1968-69 plans. 185 new dispensaries were opened during the 4th Five Year Plan period and one dispensary was taken under the control of private management. 544 new dispensaries were started during the 5th Five Year Plan period and one dispensary was taken under the control of private management. 730, 430, 32 and 28 new dispensaries / hospitals were started in the year under the new scheme of VI, VII, VIII and IX 5 Year Plans respectively.


In the year 2004-05, 35 Ayurveda dispensaries and 10 Unani dispensaries, in 2005-06, 30 Ayurveda, 35 Homeopathic and 4 Unani dispensaries, in 2007-08, 30 Ayurveda, 30 Homeopathic dispensaries 10 Unani system dispensaries were opened, and in the year 2008-09, New 40 Ayurvedic dispensaries were opened. In the year 2009, 15 Ayurveda, 5 homeopathic, 10 Unani as well as in 2010-11, 15 Ayurveda, 5 homeopathic, New 10 Unani dispensaries were established.


In the year 2012-13, Announcement was made to open 5 Unani dispensaries. Similarly in the year 2004-05 5, in year 2005-06, 17 and in the year 2008-09, 7 B category dispensaries have been upgraded to A category Dispensaries. In the year 2009-10, 10 B category dispensaries and In the year 2010-11, 10 B-class dispensaries were upgraded to the hospital. Thus, this department is expanding, while presently rendering public medical service through their state-wide network.